yellow archangel

Lamiastrum galeobdolon


Family: Lamiaceae

Other common names: Herman's pride, dummy nettle, golden dead-nettle, weazel snout, silverfrost

Weed Class: B

Year Listed: 2007

Native to: Europe and Asia

Toxic: not known to be

Other Legal Listings:

additional photos



Why is it a noxious weed?

Yellow archangel escapes from residential plantings, becoming very invasive and forming dense mats of groundcover vegetation. This plant outcompetes native species and does not provide adequate food or cover for wildlife.

How would I identify it?

General Description: Yellow archangel is an evergreen to semi-evergreen, fast growing perennial groundcover that can be trailing or upright if growing over other plants.

Flower Description: Flowers are small and yellow and two lipped—the upper lip is hooded and the lower lip with orange to brown markings. Flowers are in whorls in leaf axils on short stalks, blooming in early spring.

Leaf Description: Leaves are oppositely arranged, oval shaped, toothed, and hairy with typically variegated silvery-gray markings. In cold temperatures, leaves develop a purple coloring on the undersides and in the center of the leaf above.

Stem Description: Stems grow along the ground and can root at leaf nodes and along the stem in wet soils. Stems are green and 4 sided. Stems freely branch, forming dense growth.

Fruit/Seed Description: Flowers form 4 nutlets, with each nutlet containing one seed.

May be confused with:

How does it reproduce?

It reproduces vegetatively from nodes on stem as well as stem fragments. It can also spread by seeds. Some infestations in Washington are from old hanging baskets that still had viable plants in them, which were dumped in natural areas.

Where does it grow?

Yellow archangel can grow in sun to shade. It often escapes from residential plantings to nearby forested areas, greenbelts and riparian areas. It can be found in the residential setting in gardens, rockeries and ornamental borders. Please click here to see a county level distribution map of yellow archangel in Washington.

How do I control it?

General Control Strategy


Mechanical Control

Vines can be hand pulled making sure to remove roots and stem fragments. Roots left in the soil will re-sprout and will have to be monitored and pulled. The King County Noxious Weed Control Board reports that when this plant is cut, it re-grows in denser conditions. Disposal Warning: Make sure to properly discard all plant pieces in thick plastic bags and transport them to a sanitary landfill site. Composting is not an appropriate means of disposal as this may result in further distribution.

Herbicide Control

Please refer to the PNW Weed Management Handbook, or contact your county noxious weed coordinator.


For more information

See our Written Findings for more information about yellow archangel (Lamiastrum galeobdolon).

Additional Photos



Yellow archangel infestation


Yellow archangel leaves with variegation


flowering stems April 1, 2014


close up of axillary flower clusters


flower buds


stems with flower buds and new growth


understory infestation




purple winter coloring


infestation with dense growth




in bloom


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