Camelthorn

Alhagi maurorum

Camelthorn

Family: Fabaceae


Weed class: B
Year Listed: 1988
Native to: Asia and Eastern Europe
Is this Weed Toxic?:

not known to be

Why Is It a Noxious Weed?

Camelthorn is unpalatable and injurious to some animals. Because of its deep root system, it grows successfully in dry, rocky, saline soil, making it weedy in rangeland, competing against preferred forage. It is also a potential alfalfa seed contaminant.

How would I identify it?

General Description

Camelthorn is a deep-rooted, rhizomatous, perennial shrub, with roots that can extend 6 to 7 feet into the ground. It is intricately-branched with spines and grows to 4 feet in height. It has pinkish purple to maroon flowers that bloom in the summer.

Flower Description

Flowers are pea-like and pinkish-purple to maroon. They are produced in clusters of 1 to 8 and are grouped toward the tips on spines or branchlets with spine tips.

Leaf description

Leaves are alternately arranged, grayish green and have smooth (entire) margins. They are oval to lance-shaped (much longer than wide with the widest part of the leaf below the middle).

Stem description

Branched stems are generally stiff and have short, spine-tipped flowering branchlets.

Fruit Seed Description

Reddish-brown to tan seed pods are constricted between seeds and have a short, narrow beak at the end.

Where does it grow?

Camelthorn mainly grows in deep moist soil, but it also occurs in dry, rocky, or saline soils. The plant is especially abundant along riverbanks, canals and irrigation ditches, but it can also spread into cultivated fields. Please click here to see a county level distribution map of camelthorn in Washington.

How Does it Reproduce?

Camelthorn reproduces by seed and rhizomes. Rhizomes can produce shoots 25 feet away from parent plant.

How Do I Control It?

Mechanical Control

If mechanical control is used, all rhizomes need to be removed to prevent fragments left in soil from re-sprouting.

Herbicide Control

Please refer to the PNW Weed Management Handbook, or contact your county noxious weed coordinator.

For More Information

See our Written Findings for more information about camelthorn (Alhagi maurorum).

Additional Photos