Other Common Names: meadow sage
Weed class: A
Year Listed: 1998
Native to: Europe
Is this Weed Toxic?:
not known to be
This plant is also on the Washington State quarantine list. It is prohibited to transport, buy, sell, offer for sale, or distribute plants or plant parts of quarantined species into or within the state of Washington or to sell, offer for sale, or distribute seed packets of seed, flower seed blends, or wildflower mixes of quarantined species into or within the state of Washington. Please see WAC 16-752 for more information on the quarantine list. For questions about the quarantine list, contact the Washington State Department of Agriculture's Plant Services Program at (360) 902-1874 or email PlantServices@agr.wa.gov.
Why Is It a Noxious Weed?
It invades rangeland and poses a threat to forage production and plant diversity by displacing less competitive, more desirable species. It is a close relative of Mediterranean sage (Salvia aethiopis) which is also a Class A noxious weed in Washington.
How would I identify it?
It is a fibrous-rooted perennial, ranging from 1 to 2 feet tall. Leaves are mostly basal with a long stem. The plant is aromatic and covered with small hairs, with the upper plant parts being glandular.
Flowers are irregularly spaced along the stem at 4 to 8 per node, in a whorl. They are violet-blue but can also range from rose to dark violet in cultivated varieties. Small bracts occur just under each whorl of flowers.
Leaves are opposite, egg shaped to oblong, and may also be heart shaped with a notch at the base and wrinkled. They are 3 to 6 inches long. Margins can be irregularly toothed or rounded.
Stems are 4 to 8 inches long and have very few leaves. Most leaves occur at the base of the stem (basal leaves).
Fruit Seed Description
Flowers form 4 nutlets, with each nutlet containing one seed.
May Be Confused With
It’s similar to clary sage (Salvia sclarea), another Class A noxious weed. One difference is the small bract under the flower whorls compared to the larger bract of the clary sage. For help with identification, contact your county noxious weed coordinator.
Where does it grow?
Meadow clary has been found in dry well drained sites as well as less well drained meadow areas. Please click here to see a county level distribution map of meadow clary in Washington.
How Does it Reproduce?
Meadow clary reproduces by seed.
How Do I Control It?
Herbicide information is currently not included in the PNW Weed Management Handbook for meadow clary but check back as this resource is continually being updated. See the additional links below for information or contact county noxious weed coordinator.
For More Information
See our postcard for early detection information about meadow clary and clary sage.
See our Written Findings for more information about meadow clary (Salvia pratensis).
Stevens County NWCB Fact Sheet on meadow clary