Other Common Names: short-fringed knapweed, Tyrol knapweed
Weed class: A
Year Listed: 1988
Native to: South Central and Eastern Europe and Turkey
Is this Weed Toxic?:
not known to be
This plant is also on the Washington State quarantine list. It is prohibited to transport, buy, sell, offer for sale, or distribute plants or plant parts of quarantined species into or within the state of Washington or to sell, offer for sale, or distribute seed packets of seed, flower seed blends, or wildflower mixes of quarantined species into or within the state of Washington. Please see WAC 16-752 for more information on the quarantine list. For questions about the quarantine list, contact the Washington State Department of Agriculture's Plant Services Program at (360) 902-1874 or email PlantServices@agr.wa.gov.
Why Is It a Noxious Weed?
Vochin knapweed invades pastures and natural areas, competing with native plants and forage.
How would I identify it?
Vochin knapweed is a perennial growing from 19 inches to 5 feet (30 to 150 cm) tall. Stems are upright and branched and typically covered in hairs. Flowers from summer to fall.
Flowerheads narrow in few-headed clusters. Bracts at base of flower head with small dark triangular tips, having 6 to 8 small fringes per side. Flowerheads of 40 to 100+ purple (or white) flowers with the outer ring of flowers being sometimes larger.
Basal leaves have stalks and are oval to narrow, with the widest point above the middle. Margins smooth, toothed or irregularly lobed. When lobed, the rounded terminal lobe is larger than other lobes. Stem leaves become smaller moving up the stem.
Plants have multiple upright flower stems that are branched from above the middle.
Fruit Seed Description
Seeds are gray to light brown and up to 0.14 inches (3.5 mm) long. Seeds may or may not have short bristles (pappus) on one end.
May Be Confused With
Many species of Centaurea look very similar to each other, making identification difficult. If you need help with plant identification, please contact your county noxious weed coordinator.
Where does it grow?
Vochin knapweed grows along roadsides, in irrigation ditches, pastures, orchards and waste places In Washington it has been found in cleared areas. Please click here to see a county level distribution map of vochin knapweed in Washington.
How Does it Reproduce?
Vochin knapweed is a perennial that reproduces by seed and can be propagated by root division.
How Do I Control It?
Small infestations can be controlled by repeatedly digging out the plant. Dig out as much of the plant as possible and watch for re-sprouting from root fragments.
For larger populations on tillable land, control with repeated cultivation, then reseed with desired pasture species.
For More Information
See our Written Findings for more information about Vochin knapweed (Centaurea nigrescens).